Music in Peacebuilding 101
Course Description: This seminar course will investigate the possibility that musical activities (musicking) might contribute to peacebuilding. Beginning with examination of the common intuition or assumption that this is true, students will explore the use of music in promoting war and other forms of violence, theories and methods developed in peace studies concerned with cycles and root causes of violence, and some institutional and non-institutional means of addressing them.
- Galtung, Johan. 1969. “Violence, Peace, and Peace Research.” Journal of Peace Research 6 (3): 167–91. LINK.
- Miall, Hugh, Oliver Ramsbotham, and Tom Woodhouse. 2005. Contemporary Conflict Resolution. London: Blackwell Publishing Professional.
- Sandoval, Elaine. 2016. “Music in Peacebuilding: A Critical Literature Review.” Journal of Peace Education 13 (3): 200–217. LINK.
Music and Violence
- Stock, Jonathan. 2018. “Violence.” Music and Arts in Action 6 (2): 91–104. LINK.
- Thompson, William Forde, Andrew M. Geeves, and Kirk N. Olsen. 2019. “Who Enjoys Listening to Violent Music and Why?” Psychology of Popular Media Culture 8 (3): 218–32. LINK.
- Kent, George. 2007. “Unpeaceful Music.” In Music and Conflict Transformation: Harmonies and Dissonances in Geopolitics, 112–22. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
- Johnson, Bruce, and Martin Cloonan. 2008. Dark Side of the Tune: Popular Music and Violence. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
- Snyder, Robert H. 2007. “‘Disillusioned Words Like Bullets Bark’: Incitement to Genocide, Music, and the Trial of Simon Bikindi.” Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law 35 (3): 646–74. LINK.
- Araújo, Samuel, and Vincenzo Cambria. 2013. “Sound Praxis, Poverty, and Social Participation: Perspectives from a Collaborative Study in Rio De Janeiro.” Yearbook for Traditional Music 45: 28–42. LINK.
- O’Connell, John Morgan, and Salwa El-Shawan Castelo-Branco, eds. 2010. Music and Conflict. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
- Pieslak, Jonathan R. 2009. Sound Targets: American Soldiers and Music in the Iraq War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
- Shank, Michael, and Lisa Schirch. 2008. “Strategic Arts-Based Peacebuilding.” Peace and Change 33 (2): 217–42.
- Golden, Michael. 2016. “Musicking as Education for Social and Ecological Peace: A New Synthesis.” Journal of Peace Education 13 (3): 266–82. LINK.
- Bergh, Arild, and John Sloboda. 2010. “Music and Art in Conflict Transformation: A Review.” Music and Arts in Action 2 (2): 2–17. LINK.
- Wallin, Nils, Björn Merker, and Steven Brown, eds. 1999. The Origins of Music. Cambridge: MIT Press.
- Vuoskoski, Jonna K., Eric F. Clarke, and Tia DeNora. 2017. “Music Listening Evokes Implicit Affiliation.” Psychology of Music 45 (4): 584–99. LINK.
- Vuoskoski, Jonna, and Miu, Andrei. 2015. “The Social Side of Music Listening: Empathy and Contagion in Music-Induced Emotions.”
- Gritten, Anthony. 2017. “Developing Trust in Others; or, How to Empathise like a Performer.” In Music and Empathy, edited by Elaine King and Caroline Waddington. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge, 2017.: Routledge. LINK
Strategies of Empathy
Music in Peacebuilding Methods
Course Description: This seminar course will investigate the possibility that musical activities (musicking) might contribute to peacebuilding. Readings are included that demonstrate a variety of methodological and analytical approaches currently taken to the question of music in peacebuilding. These give a sense of major questions in the field and what direction further research explorations might take.
Reflections on Practice
- Albayrak, Umut. 2017. “Cultural Reconciliation and Music: Musical Dialogues Direction to Reconciliation between Turkish and Greek Communities in Cyprus.” ATHENS JOURNAL OF MEDITERRANEAN STUDIES 3 (4): 321–40. LINK.
- Becker, Kelly Mancini. 2017. “The Nile Project: Music Making for Peace in the Nile Basin Region.” Music and Arts in Action 6 (1): 20. LINK.
- Boeskov, Kim. 2020. “The Significance of Intercultural Music Activities: A Study of Norwegian Palestinian Cultural Exchange.”
- Cohen, Mary L. 2012. “Harmony within the Walls: Perceptions of Worthiness and Competence in a Community Prison Choir.” International Journal of Music Education 30 (1): 46–56. LINK.
- Donaghey, Jim, and Fiona Magowan. 2021. “Emotion Curves: Creativity and Methodological ‘Fit’ or ‘Commensurability.’” International Review of Qualitative Research. LINK.
- Eck, Fabienne van. 2014. “The Role of the Musician Working with Traumatized People in a War-Affected Area: Let the Music Happen.” Journal of Applied Arts & Health 4 (3): 301–11. LINK.
- Gulbay, Salih. 2021. “Exploring the Use of Hip Hop-Based Music Therapy to Address Trauma in Asylum Seeker and Unaccompanied Minor Migrant Youth.” Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy 21 (3): 1–16. LINK.
- Harrison, Klisala. 2020. “Value Alignment in Applied and Community-Based Music Research.” Musiikki 1 (2): 71–87.
- Howell, Gillian, Lesley Pruitt, and Laura Hassler. 2019. “Making Music in Divided Cities: Transforming the Ethnoscape.” International Journal of Community Music 12 (3): 331–48. LINK.
- Korum, Solveig, and Gillian Howell. 2021. “Competing Economies of Worth in a Multiagency Music and Reconciliation Partnership: The Sri Lanka Norway Music Cooperation (2009-2018).” International Journal of Cultural Policy 27 (6): 830–44. LINK.
- Moore, Jane. 2013. “They Throw Spears: Reconciliation through Music.” The International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives 12 (1): 146–60.
- Stephenson, Max, and Laura Zanotti. 2017. “Exploring the Intersection of Theory and Practice of Arts for Peacebuilding.” Global Society 31 (3): 336–52. LINK.
- Thomas, Zareen. 2019. “Deploying Youth: Colombian Peacebuilding in Performance.” The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 24 (2): 478–97. LINK.
- Vougioukalou, Sofia, Rosie Dow, Laura Bradshaw, and Tracy Pallant. 2019. “Wellbeing and Integration through Community Music: The Role of Improvisation in a Music Group of Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Local Community Members.” Contemporary Music Review 38 (5): 533–48. LINK.
- Ware, Vicki-Ann, Joanne Lauterjung, and Shannon Harmer McSolvin. 2021. “Arts-Based Adult Learning in Peacebuilding: A Potentially Significant Emerging Area for Development Practitioners?” The European Journal of Development Research, May. LINK.
Ethnographic Case Studies
- Abebe, Tatek. 2021. “Storytelling through Popular Music: Social Memory, Reconciliation, and Intergenerational Healing in Oromia/Ethiopia.” Humanities 10 (2): 70. LINK.
- Dave, Nomi. 2019. The Revolution’s Echoes: Music, Politics, and Pleasure in Guinea. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. LINK.
- Malcomson, Hettie. 2021. “Making Subjects Grievable: Narco Rap, Moral Ambivalence and Ethical Sense Making.” Ethnomusicology Forum 30 (2): 205–25. LINK.
- Tan, Sooi Beng. 2018. “Community Musical Theatre and Interethnic Peace-Building in Malaysia.” In The Oxford Handbook of Community Music, edited by Brydie-Leigh Bartleet and Lee Higgins. Oxford: Oxford University Press. LINK.
- Witherow, Jacqueline. 2015. “Parading Protestantisms and the Flute Bands of Postconflict Northern Ireland.” In The Oxford Handbook of Music and World Christianities, edited by Jonathan Dueck and Suzel Ana Reily. Oxford: Oxford University Press. LINK.
- Cespedes-Guevara, Julian, and Nicola Dibben. 2021. “Promoting Prosociality in Colombia: Is Music More Effective than Other Cultural Interventions?” Musicae Scientiae 25 (3): 332–57. LINK.
- Eerola, Tuomas, Jonna K. Vuoskoski, and Hannu Kautiainen. 2016. “Being Moved by Unfamiliar Sad Music Is Associated with High Empathy.” Frontiers in Psychology 7 (September). LINK.
- Kuchenbrandt, Dieta, Rolf van Dick, Miriam Koschate, Johannes Ullrich, and Manfred Bornewasser. 2014. “More than Music! A Longitudinal Test of German–Polish Music Encounters.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 40 (May): 167–74. LINK.
- Neto, Félix, Maria da Conceição Pinto, and Etienne Mullet. 2019. “Can Music Reduce National Prejudice? A Test of a Cross-Cultural Musical Education Programme.” Psychology of Music 47 (5): 747–56. LINK.
- Rabinowitch, Tal-Chen, Ian Cross, and Pamela Burnard. 2013. “Long-Term Musical Group Interaction Has a Positive Influence on Empathy in Children.” Psychology of Music 41 (4): 484–98. LINK.
- Ruth, Nicolas, and Holger Schramm. 2021. “Effects of Prosocial Lyrics and Musical Production Elements on Emotions, Thoughts and Behavior.” Psychology of Music 49 (4): 759–76. LINK.
- Scrantom, Katharine, and Katrina McLaughlin. 2019. “Heroes on the Hill: A Qualitative Study of the Psychosocial Benefits of an Intercultural Arts Programme for Youth in Northern Ireland.” Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 29 (4): 297–310. LINK.
- Sousa, Maria Do Rosário, Félix Neto, and Etienne Mullet. 2005. “Can Music Change Ethnic Attitudes among Children?” Psychology of Music 33 (3): 304–16. LINK.
- Ziv, Naomi. 2019. “Pro‐peace or Anti‐war: The Effect of Emotions Primed by Protest Songs on Emotions toward In‐group and Out‐group in Conflict.” Journal of Applied Social Psychology 49 (12): 778–95. LINK.
- Zupančič, Rok, Faris Kočan, and Janja Vuga. 2021. “Ethnic Distancing through Aesthetics in Bosnia-Herzegovina: Appraising the Limits of Art as a Peacebuilding Tool with a Socio-Psychological Experiment.” Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 21 (1): 101–23. LINK.
Theorizing Music in Peacebuilding
- Baker, Catherine. 2019. “Veteran Masculinities and Audiovisual Popular Music in Post-Conflict Croatia: A Feminist Aesthetic Approach to the Contested Everyday Peace.” Peacebuilding 7 (2): 226–42. LINK.
- Belkind, Nili. 2021. “Between the Local, the Global, and the Aid Economy in Palestine: The Edward Said National Conservatory of Music (ESNCM) at the Christmas Concert for Life and Peace in Bethlehem.” Arts & International Affairs 5 (2). LINK.
- Dave, N. 2015. “Music and the Myth of Universality: Sounding Human Rights and Capabilities.” Journal of Human Rights Practice 7 (1): 1–17. LINK.
- Friedson, Steven. 2019. “The Music Box: Songs of Futility in a Time of Torture.” Ethnomusicology 63 (2): 222–46. LINK.
- Howell, Gillian. 2021. “Harmonious Relations: A Framework for Studying Varieties of Peace in Music-Based Peacebuilding.” Journal of Peacebuilding & Development 16 (1): 85–101. LINK.
- Marsh, Kathryn. 2019. “Music as Dialogic Space in the Promotion of Peace, Empathy and Social Inclusion.” International Journal of Community Music 12 (3): 301–16. LINK.
- McCoy, Jason. 2019. “Memory, Trauma, and the Politics of Repatriating Bikindi’s Music in the Aftermath of the Rwandan Genocide.” In The Oxford Handbook of Musical Repatriation, edited by Frank Gunderson, Robert C. Lancefield, and Woods, Brett, 419–35. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.
- Nicholls, Tracey. 2014. “Music and Social Justice.” In Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. LINK/.
- O’Connell, John Morgan. 2021. “Conflict after Conflict: Music in the Memorialisation of the Gallipoli Campaign.” Ethnomusicology Forum 30 (2): 283–301. LINK.
- Phillips-Hutton, Ariana. 2021. “Sonic Witnesses: Music, Testimony, and Truth.” Ethnomusicology Forum 30 (2): 266–82. LINK.
- Robertson, Craig. 2019. “Belief in the Power of Music and Resilient Identities: Navigating Shared Fictions.” Music and Arts in Action 7 (1): 113–26. LINK.
- Sykes, Jim. 2018. “Ontologies of Acoustic Endurance: Rethinking Wartime Sound and Listening.” Sound Studies 4 (1): 35–60. LINK.
- Teitelbaum, Benjamin R. 2019. “Collaborating with the Radical Right: Scholar-Informant Solidarity and the Case for an Immoral Anthropology.” Current Anthropology 60 (3): 414–35. LINK.
- Urbain, Olivier. 2021. “Business and Music in Peacebuilding Activities*.” In Music, Business and Peacebuilding, by Constance Cook Glen and Timothy L. Fort, 1st ed., 72–87. London: Routledge. LINK.
- Wood, Abigail. 2021. “‘I Thought It Was a Song but It Turned out to Be a Siren’: Civilian Listening during Wartime in Israel.” Ethnomusicology Forum 30 (2): 185–204. LINK.
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